The National Migration Observatory (ONM), the National Institute of Statistics (INS) and the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) have revealed the results of the National Survey on International Migration 2020 in Tunisia: Tunisia Hims 2020.
The survey, funded by the European Union (EU) Emergency Trust Fund (ETF) for Stability and Addressing the Root Causes of Irregular Migration and Displaced Persons in Africa, was conducted in a particular context of political instability and deep economic crisis accentuated by the Covid-19 health crisis.
According to the Tunisia Hims 2020 survey, 20% of non-migrants, i.e. Tunisians residing in Tunisia who have not resided abroad for more than three months, intend to emigrate. This proportion is made up of 50.4% of men aged between 15 and 24 years and 34% of women in the same age group. 18.5% of non-migrants wishing to migrate are professionally employed, 35.8% of them are unemployed and 36.6% are single. 14.3% of the potential migrants, i.e. 3% of the non-migrants, have already taken steps to realise their project. 78.4% wish to migrate in search of employment and better living conditions and 66.3% choose Europe as their potential destination.
As for current migrants, 566,000 individuals over the age of 15 who have lived in Tunisia and who have now been living abroad for more than three months, 50% of them have emigrated since 2010. Between 2015 and 2020, 39,000 engineers and 3,300 doctors left Tunisia for foreign countries, most often for Europe. One-third of current migrants have a higher level of education.